A CONCEPTUAL RESEARCH ON LEARNING CITIES
Keywords:Learning, Lifelong Learning,, Learning Cities, Sustainability, UNESCO
After learning has gained an important place in the life of individuals throughout life, learning and sustainability principles have begun to be adopted in different cities around the world. One of the most important projects regarding learning cities is the UNESCO Learning Cities Global Network. The aim of the study is to define the learning cities approach and to draw attention to the characteristics and importance of learning cities. In the study, detailed information about lifelong learning, learning cities, and features of learning cities is given. In addition, two cities that are members of the Global Network of Learning Cities are examined as examples.
Desjardins, R. (2003). Determinants of literacy proficiency: A lifelong-lifewide learning perspective. International Journal of Educational Research, 39(3), 205-24.
Güleç, İ., Çelik, S., & Demirhan, B. (2012). Yaşam boyu öğrenme nedir? Kavram ve kapsamı üzerine bir değerlendirme. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 2(3), 34-48.
House of Science Denmark. (2022). http://www.houseofscience.dk/media/1489/unesco- learningscity-engelsk.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2022.
Interreg North Sea Region. (2021). https://northsearegion.eu/2imprezs/news/schools-in- soenderborg-municipality-a-unesco-sustainable-learning-city-focusing-on-behavioural-changes/ . Erişim Tarihi: 06.12.2021.
Juceviciene, P. (2010). Sustainable development of the learning city. European Journal of
Education, 45(3), 419-436.
Kaunas City. (2022). http://en.kaunas.lt/news/kaunas-receives-the-national-award-for-achievements- in-education). Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2022.
Kaunas City Municipality Council. (2021) .(Strategic Development Plan of Kaunas City Municipality 2016- 2022). http://en.kaunas.lt/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2015/11/STRATEGIC- DEVELOPMENT-PLAN-OF-KAUNAS-CITY-MUNICIPALITY-UP-TO-2022.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 15.12.2021.
Kearns, P. (2012). Learning cities as healthy green cities: Building sustainable opportunity cities. Australian Journal of Adult Learning. 52 (2), 368-391.
Lido, C., Osborne, M., Livingston, M., Thakuriah, P., & Sila-Nowicka, K. (2016). Older learning engagement in the modern city. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 35(5), 490-50.
Longworth, N. (2006). Learning cities, learning regions, learning communities: Lifelong learning and local government. London. Routledge.
Noguchi, F., Guevara, J. R., & Yorozu, R. (2015). Communities in Action: Lifelong Learning for Sustainable Development. UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.739.899&rep=rep1&type=pdf Erişim Tarihi: 28.11.2021.
Osborne, M., Kearns, P., & Yang, J. (2013). Learning cities: Developing inclusive, prosperous and sustainable urban communities. International Review of Education, 59(4), 409-423.
Plumb, D., Leverman, A., & McGray, R. (2007). The learning city in a ‘planet of slums’. Studies in Continuing Education, 29(1), 37-50.
Project Zero Sonderborg. (2022). https://www.projectzero.dk/ Erişim Tarihi: 04.02.2022. Study in Kaunas. (2021). https://kaunasin.lt/en/study-in-kaunas/ . Erişim Tarihi: 11.12.2021. TDK. Türk Dil Kurumu. (2021). https://sozluk.gov.tr/ Erişim Tarihi: 08.11.2021.
UIL UNESCO. (2021). https://uil.unesco.org/lifelong-learning/learning-cities Erişim Tarihi: 12.11.2021
UIL UNESCO. (2022). https://uil.unesco.org/event/fifth-international-conference-learning-cities Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2022.
UIL UNESCO Denmark. (2022). https://uil.unesco.org/lifelong-learning/learning-cities/learningcities-denmark-sonderborg-joins-unesco-global-network-0 Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2022.
UNESCO GNLC (Global Network of Learning Cities Guiding Document). (2015) https://uil.unesco.org/fileadmin/keydocuments/LifelongLearning/learning-cities/en-unesco-global- network-of-learning-cities-guiding-documents.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 11.12.2021.
UNESCO Instutite For Life Long Learning. (2021). https://uil.unesco.org/lifelong- learning/learning-cities/members Erişim Tarihi: 10.10.2021.
UTMK (UNESCO Türkiye Milli Komisyonu. (2021). https://www.unesco.org.tr/Pages/199/128
Erişim Tarihi: 25.12.2020.
Wheeler, L. (2017). TVET and the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities: relevance for countries in the Middle East. InternatIonal Journal of traInIng research, 15(3), 245-254.
Yarnit, M. (2015). Whatever became of the learning city?. Journal of Adult and Continuing Education, 21(2), 24-35.
Zhuang, R., Fang, H., Zhang, Y., Lu, A., & Huang, R. (2017). Smart learning environments for a smart city: from the perspective of lifelong and lifewide learning. Smart Learning Environments, 4(1), 1-21.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Recreation and Tourism Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.